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Conger Eel (Conger, Conger)

The European Conger is the largest eel in the world usually reaching a length of about 1.5m (3.0m max) and native to the northeast Atlantic.

They are predators and can attack humans. In July, 2013, a diver was attacked by a conger eel in Killary Harbour, Ireland, while at a depth of 25m. The eel bit a large chunk from his face. The diver reported the creature was more than 6ft in length and "about the width of a human thigh".


Lesser Spotted Dogfish (Scyliorhinus Canicula)

Dogfish are small sharks and share many of their most recognisable features, such as low-slung mouths, hydroplane-like pectoral fins and uncovered gill slits. The lesser spotted dogfish is the one most often seen in British waters. It is also known as the rough hound and in Fish & Chip shops is called 'Rock Salmon'.

Dogfish are usually seen snoozing on the seabed during the day, this is because dogfish feed at night. They are hunters and will take crabs and whelks as well as eating bottom-dwelling fish. They will also hunt shoaling fish. In common with its larger cousins, Dogfish scales are formed like teeth. The shape of the scales varies over different parts of the body. The points of the scales are directed backwards. Stroked nose to tail, a dogfish feels smooth. Try it the other way and the skin feels extremely rough.

When breeding, lesser-spotted dogfish use internal fertilisation. The male wraps his body, in the shape of a ring, around the female. He then inserts the sperm with specially adapted pelvic fins known as 'claspers'. Dogfish egg capsules are known as mermaids' purses and have long tendrils on the corners. The female swims round and round a clump of seaweed as she lays, so that the eggs become well anchored. Around nine months later the young emerge as fully-formed miniature adults about 10cm long.


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